There is no one correct set of municipal bylaws to create coexistence. As each situation is unique, each set of bylaws must also be unique. Common elements in these bylaws are typically on feeding wildlife, keeping yards clean, education-based responses, investigation of incidents and a requirement for enforcement.

Below is a listing of some successful bylaws from various communities across Canada.

Another good resource: BC SPCA model animal responsibility bylaws. 

A great example of a comprehensive approach to coexisting with wildlife at the community level can be found in the Oakville Wildlife Strategy from Oakville, Ontario.

If your municipality is considering a wildlife related bylaw, please let us know by emailing us at

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Established in 1953, The Fur-Bearers is a charitable, non-partisan organization whose goals are to end the commercial fur trade and promote solutions for wildlife coexistence in communities. Your donation is tax-deductible. Charitable registration number: 130006125RR0002

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