There is no one correct set of municipal by-laws to create coexistence. As each situation is unique, each set of by-laws must also be unique. Common elements in these by-laws are typically on feeding wildlife, keeping yards clean, education-based responses, investigation of incidents and a requirement for enforcement.

Below is a listing of some successful by-laws from various communities across Canada.

Another good resource: BC SPCA model animal responsibility bylaws.

If your municipality has existing or is considering creating wildlife by-laws, please let us know by emailing us at

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Join The Fur-Bearers today and help us protect fur-bearing animals in the wild and confinement. To become a monthly donor (for as little as $10/month – the cost of two lattes) please click here and help us save lives today. Your donation is tax-deductible.

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Established in 1953, The Fur-Bearers is a charitable, non-partisan organization whose goals are to end the commercial fur trade and promote solutions for wildlife coexistence in communities. Your donation is tax-deductible. Charitable registration number: 130006125RR0002

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